Before going to pick up our new companion, we have to condition our house for your arrival. The first thing we will do is choose a quiet corner where the puppy can rest; In it we put your blanket, basket, case, etc. The first few days that you spend with us can be very useful to place in your "place" an object that contains our smell, so that the little one suffers less distress at the time of the separation to go to sleep In addition it must also have a trough and a water trough, as well as some toy to bite.
By the time the puppy gets home, he may be very stressed, so we should let him spend a few hours without disturbing him in his "place", caressing him from time to time. Little by little he will calm down and begin to inspect his new home.
Until the puppy is educated to do his / her needs in the indicated places, it is certain that we will have to clean often, so it will be useful to have old towels, news papers and a good disinfectant on hand.
Although our intention is that our puppy ends up living in the garden, at this young age it will be convenient to find something more shelter than a simple house. If we do not want to allow you to enter the house, he must have access to a garage or shed.
It should be noted that the Pyrenean Mastiff is a Molosoid, so it may not fully complete its development until 2, even 3 years old; Therefore, special attention should be paid to the control of physical exercise, periodically monitor their bone development and to go to the veterinarian or breeder to advise us about their diet. And do not forget that a puppy is a baby, and the Pyrenean Mastiff will be until 8 or 10 months old.
Because it is a molosoid race (of great size), the Pyrenean Mastiff has more propensity than other races to suffer twistings of stomach, disease that can cause the death of the dog in few hours. On the other hand, the rapid growth of the Pyrenean Mastiff puppies can cause bone and joint problems that we also have to watch.
That is why we have to pay special attention to the following feeding guidelines, aimed at reducing the risk of stomach twisting and maintaining controlled growth:
Provide high quality feed at least until the year old. Recommended for the whole life of the animal (We currently feed our puppies and adults with ROYAL CANIN feed)
Keep the puppy THIN,until the year and a half old and in his weight the rest of its life. Being overweight could overload the joints and cause lameness.
Supply the puppy with the amount of feed recommended by the manufacturer according to his weight and age, divided by the number of feedings per day. We feed 3 times a day until 4-5 months old. Then twice a day throughout their lives (because of their large size, the Pyrenean mastiffs eat a high dose of feed per day, and it is not advisable to take it all at once).
NEVER allow the puppy and adult dog to exercise before and after meals (wait at least two hours)
During the growth phase, our veterinarian must evaluate the suitability or not of supplying CONDOPROTECTORES (the condoprotector is a protein that helps to develop the dog's bones, muscles and cartilage. It is advisable to give the puppy a condoprotein throughout its growth, although High-end feed is already included.It is also given to adult dogs with hip injuries or joint pains.It is a protein that protects and revitalizes cartilage and joints, relieving movement pain in cases of wear or injury and Helping to develop cartilage in cases of growth).
If we feed our puppy with a good quality feed, any other dietary supplements, ESPECIALLY CALCIUM, are not only unnecessary but could cause SERIOUS PROBLEMS.
DIARRHOEA should be monitored and consulted with the veterinarian.
As an anecdote, note that the growth of our mastiff is so fast at the beginning, that often occurs in an uncompensated way. Suddenly the head grows, then the body along and the head resembles small again. We will not be able to make a definitive evaluation of its structure until the growth is complete (about 2 years old)
Because of its large size, the simplest way of supplying medicines to our pyrenean mastiff is by opening the mouth and introducing the medicine as far as we can from the throat. Then hold his head up for a few seconds holding his muzzle underneath and holding it closed. We will massage his throat to swallow. We must verify that the pill has not been "lost" by the inside of the lips.
Limit puppy exercise until10-12 months old; walk with him on the leash and just let go when he is tired so he does not do too many "pranks". We should provide moderate exercise, since strenuous walks can interfere with proper bone development. It is desirable that the games be made on terrains that are not slippery or too hard. The field is ideal.
Monitor the lameness. If they last more than 3 days consult the veterinarian.
One brushing per month minimum. We will watch the areas where there are more knots: behind the ears, between the hind legs ...
In the moulting season (two a year, a milder in autumn and another more complete in spring), 2-3 shines at the week until they stop pulling hair.
Few bath. The puppy should not bathe until complete vaccination. If it is necessary to bath him because he is very dirty, to do it with warm water and to dry him completely, first with towel and soon with drier. More than enough a bath every 2 months.
Cut the nails from the spurs with a dog clipper. We must watch for its length, since the nails of the spurs, not being in contact with the ground, do not wear out, and can get stuck in the animal itself.
Monitor and clean the anal area. Sometimes stool remains that hinder defecation.
Clean the inner side of the ears with a damp wipe of the babies' ears or with a cotton ball soaked in a specific cleaning product. For the inner ear there are specific liquids on the market that should be used every 10-15 days (consult the veterinarian). Never use swabs in the inner part of the ear.
You should never cut your hair to a Pyrenean Mastiff. The hair protects you from the cold and also from being burned by the sun in times of heat. If it is too hot, we will provide them with a shade area and wet their hair, causing the water to soak the undercoat perfectly, which will keep them cool for several hours.
Tools for brushing:
BRUSH: for general brushing and to remove dead hair at the beginning and end of the molt. There are several sizes. We will buy the biggest one.
RAKE: to remove the dead hair during the molt, in its most intense phase.
CUT KNOT: to cut knots that we are not able to remove with the comb or rake.
COMB: to remove the dead hair during moulting, in its most intense phase in those areas where the rake does not enter well. We will buy one of few spikes, so that there is enough separation between them, and is more comfortable with handle.
As the summer approaches and the plants begin to glean, it is important that we take measures to prevent the spikes from sticking between the fingers of our Pyrenean Mastiff. In this video you can see how to trim the hairs that are born between the toes and hands as a preventive measure.
SOCIALIZATION - EDUCATION
Although our pyrenean mastiff lives on a farm, there are important aspects of his education that can make things easier with which we can often find ourselves. Here are some basic tips:
Accustom the puppy to different situations, since this will make it much easier the day we have to go to the vet, when home visits come, etc. Ideally, from the 3 months old, when you have the third vaccine, take it for a walk to public parks, walking areas frequented by other dogs, to events where there is no excessive crowding. We will enjoy these walks because the puppies of pyrenean mastiff, where they go they attract the attention.
Do not let our mastiff puppy NEVER do when he is a puppy what do not want him to do as an adult: climb on top of us, on the sofa, give us paw to ask game, feed him from the table. Maybe these puppy looks funny, but if we let them now what will happen when his head is at the same height as the table where we are going to eat, or when he occupies the whole sofa by himself? In these situations it will be enough to say "NO" and stop paying attention for a while so you understand that your attitude we do not like. It is not necessary to quarrel him with anger, or shake him, or let him talk about his attitude that he will not understand. The "NO" will learn right away if it entails an interruption in the game or the loss of our attention.
Teach him from puppy to go on the leash without pulling.
To accustom him that he does not grunt when he is eating and we approach him. For this it is convenient to caress him and to introduce the hand in the food while he eats. In case he grunts, we said "NO" and we will take the food for a few seconds to offer it again. Repeat this as many times as necessary until he stop grunting. The Pyrenean Mastiff, due to its condition of shepherd dog, has a possessive character, so we should not be scared or surprised that one day, our precious and sweet plush toy, is mistrustful and grunts us during the meal.
To accustom to our puppy to the brushing, cleaning ears, cutting nails and other cleanings since puppy. Try to make these situations pleasant for him, but with a certain discipline (do not let him bite the brush, or let him escape to play whenever he wants). It is best that at the beginning, as long as its size allows, we put it on a table, taking care that it does not fall. This will limit your movement. At the end of the cleaning we can reward you with a prize (something rich like a dog treat, a piece of chicken or ham york, etc. Never ever give CHOCOLATE, SWEETS, COW MILK, SHATTERING BONES)
VITAL CONSTANTS OF THE PUPPY
From 0 to 14 days old: 34.5 to 37.2 ° C
From 15 to 28 days old: 36.1 to 37.7 ° C
More than 30 days old: 38.6 ºC
NORMAL RESPIRATORY FREQUENCY:
At birth: 12 inspirations per minute
From 7 to 35 days of age: 20-30 inspirations per minute.
More than 35 days of age: 15-35 inspirations per minute.
NORMAL HEART RATE:
At birth: up to 130 beats / minute
From 7 to 35 days old: up to 200 beats per minute
More than 12 weeks old: 70-130 beats / minute
VACCINE CALENDAR AND ANTIPARASITARY TREATMENTS
Our veterinarian recommends us to follow the vaccination schedule detailed below:
At 6 weeks old: Puppy (distemper and parvovirus).
At 8 weeks old: First dose of pentavalent.
At 3 months old: second dose of pentavalent.
At 5 months old: Rabies.
At 9 months old: third dose of pentavalent.
Annual pentavalent revaccination.
Deworming: every 3 months throughout your life for internal parasites. For external parasites consult with the vet as it depends on the time of year and geographical area.